By J. A. Barnes
Defining lies as statements which are meant to lie to, this publication considers the contexts during which humans inform lies and explores the results. the writer appears at societies with distinct non secular and moral traditions the place mendacity is the norm. He additionally exhibits how teenagers gather the capability to lie at an early age, and examine whilst it's applicable to take action. In end, Professor Barnes argues that individuals are likely to inform the reality, for except the query of morality, there are pragmatic purposes for doing so.
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Extra resources for A Pack of Lies: Towards a Sociology of Lying
Hobbes' Leviathan and Plato's Republic, he says, can be read as basic lies (Bailey 1991:83,91-92). They are 'charters for repressive regulation', and the collaborators are, it seems, the members of the elite who propagate the charters to legitimate their dominance. Indeed, at one point in his exposition, Bailey speaks of 'the basic hegemonic lie' and equates this with the 'dominant ideology'. Even 'lesser designs like functionalism or structuralism or postmodernism' are included under the basic lie rubric (Bailey 1991:122).
What is a lie? religions embodying a belief in a god 'who punishes and rewards'. He mentions Hinduism and other world religions but his principal target is Christianity, 'the most fatal seductive lie that has yet existed' (Nietzsche 1911:214; 1968a:90,117; cf. Gregory Bateson 1951:222-227). More recently, Bailey (1991:xviii) makes what he calls 'basic lies' the cornerstones of his analysis of deceit. A basic lie is the product of people who collaborate 'in pretending that circumstances are other than they know them in fact to be'.
The same concrete indications of difference are seen with parliaments and churches. Electoral campaigns, with their special norms, are sharply delimited by time markers, and in ordinary conversation special phrases indicate a shift in assumptions about truthfulness and deceit. There are probably other kinds of markers in use; the uniform of Father Christmas is an obvious example of a sartorial marker. His red robe and white beard indicate that he is expected by parents to tell lies to their children.
A Pack of Lies: Towards a Sociology of Lying by J. A. Barnes