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Read e-book online Animal Acoustic Communication: Sound Analysis and Research PDF

By H. C. Gerhardt (auth.), Dr. Steven L. Hopp, Dr. Michael J. Owren, Dr. Christopher S. Evans (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642762204

ISBN-13: 9783642762208

ISBN-10: 3642762220

ISBN-13: 9783642762222

The final many years have introduced an important bring up in study on acoustic communi­ cation in animals. ebook of medical papers on either empirical and theoretical features of this subject has significantly elevated, and a brand new magazine, Bioacoustics, is fullyyt dedicated to such articles. Coupled with this proliferation of labor is a acceptance that a few of the present concerns are top approached with an interdisciplinary viewpoint, requiring technical and theoretical contributions from a few components of inquiry that experience characteristically been separated. With the striking exception of a set edited through Lewis (1983), there were fewvolumes predominatelyfocused on technical matters in comparative bioacoustics to persist with up the earlyworks edited by way of Lanyon and Tavolga (1960) and Busnel (1963). It used to be the great development of workmanship c:()ncerning this subject particularly that supplied the preliminary impetus to arrange this quantity, which makes an attempt to provide primary info from either theoretical and utilized points of present bioacoustics learn. whereas a totally finished evaluation will be impractical, this quantity deals a easy therapy of a wide selection of themes aimed toward delivering a conceptual framework in which researchers can deal with their very own questions. every one presentation is designed to be important to the broadest attainable spectrum of researchers, together with either these at the moment operating in any of the various and numerous disciplines of bioacoustics, and others which may be new to such studies.

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Extra resources for Animal Acoustic Communication: Sound Analysis and Research Methods

Sample text

Waterfall displays are especially useful in the analyses of signals with complex, time-varying spectra. Modified trom Simmons and O'Farrell (1977) nents: the carrier frequency and two sidebands, the latter with frequencies above and below that of the carrier. The frequency interval between the carrier and each sideband corresponds to the rate of modulation. If the frequency of the carrier remains constant but the rate of amplitude modulation changes with time, the interval between the carrier and frequency and the sidebands changes accordingly (Figure 6B).

References Alexander RD (1962) Evolutionary change in cricket acoustical communication. Evolution 16: 443-467 Beecher MD (1988) Spectrographic analysis of aninlal vocalizations: implications of the "uncertainty principle". Bioacoustics 1: 187-208 Bennet-Clark H (1989) Songs and the physics of sound production. In: Huber F, Moore TE, Loher W (eds) Cricket behavior and neurobiology. Cornell University Press, Ithaca p 227 Blair WF (1964) Evolution at populational and interpopulational levels: isolating mechanisms and interspecies interactions in anuran amphibians.

C Oscillogram (above) and sonogram (below) of a sinusoidally amplitude-modulaled tone burst in which the carrier fiequencywas swept from 900Hz to 1200 Hz. Because the rate of amplitude-modulation was held constant at 150 Hz, the intervals between the two sideband frequencies and the carrier frequency remain constant 14 H. C. Gerhardt non-sinusoidal amplitude-modulation results in multiple sidebands, as does both sinusoidal and non-sinusoidal frequency-modulation of a repetitive kind, like vibrato.

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Animal Acoustic Communication: Sound Analysis and Research Methods by H. C. Gerhardt (auth.), Dr. Steven L. Hopp, Dr. Michael J. Owren, Dr. Christopher S. Evans (eds.)

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