By James B. Freeman
This monograph first provides a style of diagramming argument macrostructure, synthesizing the normal circle and arrow technique with the Toulmin version. A theoretical justification of this system via a dialectical knowing of argument, a serious exam of Toulmin on warrants, a radical dialogue of the linked-convergent contrast, and an account of the correct reconstruction of enthymemes follows.
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Additional resources for Argument Structure:: Representation and Theory (Argumentation Library)
However, in the balance of his discussion, Pollock speaks of nodes, rather than support (or defeat) links, being defeated. The underlying motivation behind Pollock’s inference graphs is distinctly different from the motivation underlying our mode of representing argument structure. In analyzing an argument, we are taking the challenger’s perspective. A challenger’s critical questions motivate the exfoliation of an argument through premises supporting the main conclusion, those supporting subconclusions, and those countering rebutting or undercutting defeaters, all in their various configurations.
29 R 1 2 However, I believe such counter-considerations can be represented more perspicuously. Govier’s diagram assimilates them to premises, albeit premises supporting the conclusion in a funny way. By contrast, we view counter-considerations as a special type of rebuttal or defeater, one which in the proponent’s eyes at least is so weak that no counterrebuttal is called for. Hence, we think it better to represent counterconsiderations through a rebuttal box, but with “even though” replacing “unless” to distinguish it from rebuttals needing countering (See Fig.
Our account of argument macrostructure accepts the linked-convergent distinction. But this distinction has proven problematic since Stephen Thomas introduced it. 13 In light of the conflicting intuitions on this subject, can one justify making the distinction and even if one can, what is the value of making it? We address these questions in Chapters 4, 5, and 6. Our discussion of enthymemes in Chapter 7 addresses further questions the linkedconvergent distinction raises. Finally, in Chapter 8 we address further issues relating structure and evaluation.
Argument Structure:: Representation and Theory (Argumentation Library) by James B. Freeman