By Tim Whitmarsh
The "Second Sophistic" commonly refers to a interval on the top of the Roman Empire's strength that witnessed a flourishing of Greek rhetoric and oratory, and because the nineteenth century it has frequently been considered as a safety of Hellenic civilization opposed to the domination of Rome. This booklet proposes a really diverse version. overlaying renowned fiction, poetry and Greco-Jewish fabric, it argues for a wealthy, dynamic, and various tradition, which can't be decreased to an easy version of continuity. Shining new gentle on a sequence of playful, creative texts which are skipped over of the conventional bills of Greek literature, Whitmarsh types a extra adventurous, exploratory method of later Greek tradition. past the second one Sophistic deals not just a brand new means of Greek literature from three hundred BCE onwards, but additionally a problem to the Eurocentric, aristocratic structures put on the Greek historical past. available and vigorous, it's going to attract scholars and students of Greek literature and tradition, Hellenistic Judaism, global literature, and cultural concept.
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Additional info for Beyond the Second Sophistic: Adventures in Greek Postclassicism
Epic and Fiction Preimperial fiction, understood in this way, emerges not as a freestanding category but as an ontologically ambiguous subcategory of existing narrative forms. Of these, the most evident is traditional hexameter epic. I wish to turn now to consider briefly the reception of Hesiod and Homer from the classical into the Hellenistic period. Their poems became particular targets of scorn in the early classical period, when the so-called Ionian revolution shifted the burden of cosmic explanation from mythical narrative to physiological speculation.
64. Braun 1934. 65. e. on the basis of claimed links with the temple of Onias IV at Heliopolis; Kraemer 1998, 225–85, sees the work as late antique. Further discussion of this dating (and other issues) in Whitmarsh, forthcoming a; see also Whitmarsh 2012. 66 Yet their relationship is built around not erotic obsession but pious reverence of the Jewish god. Although this text is aimed at Jews and is probably a translation from the Hebrew (it displays the same paratactic style as the Apocrypha, discussed above), it is clearly designed for a readership also familiar with the Greek literary (and particularly erotic) repertoire.
213). Chariton and Achilles Tatius (perhaps via Chariton) seem to have picked up the phrasing in their letters of aggrieved lovers (Char. 10; Ach. Tat. 3–4). Works like these raise difficult questions. They are not plasmatic: they deal with figures and events that already existed within the broad span of traditional records of the past. Moreover, while Lucian may cite Ctesias as a liar, and Polybius may reprove Phylarchus for mixing lies and truth, there is nothing to suggest that such texts were “fictional” at the level of contract between reader and narrator.
Beyond the Second Sophistic: Adventures in Greek Postclassicism by Tim Whitmarsh