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Read e-book online Biogeography and Ecology in the Canary Islands PDF

By Günther Kunkel (auth.), G. Kunkel (eds.)

ISBN-10: 940101566X

ISBN-13: 9789401015660

ISBN-10: 9401015686

ISBN-13: 9789401015684

When requested via the final Editor to organize a book-length therapy in regards to the nature of the Canary Islands, our goals have been fairly formidable. A basic monograph was once to be written, embracing all of the disciplines of typical heritage appropriate to those islands, and over twenty scientists have been approached for contributions. despite the fact that scientists are 'time machines' ; our proposed record of contents has replaced a superb repeatedly. Cooporation of different authors was once received and, ultimately, a pretty rounded undertaking seemed revealing diverse and lesser recognized features of Canary Island Nature. considering the fact that Centuries the Canary Islands have attracted the eye of visitors. Earliest reviews should be traced again a few thousand years yet genuine clinical research begun approximately 1800, the time of Alexander von Humboldt and his stopover at to the islands; older stories are scarce, occasionally particularly complicated due to geographic inaccuracies. however the nineteenth Century will stay because the century of basic explorations, hooked up with names resembling Leopold von Buch, F. C. MacGregor, Sabin Berthelot, Philip Barker Webb, J. Viera y Clavijo, F. von Fritsch, C. Bolle, D. H. Christ, O. Simony, G. Hartung, H. Mayer and so on. , all standard and in detail attached with our wisdom of the ordinary historical past of the archipelago. Even the a lot criticised Ernst Haeckel has supplied us with vigorous descriptions of his stopover at to at least one of the 'Fortunate Islands'. the 20 th Century introduced new curiosity, new fields to be explored, and new expeditions to the islands.

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In nearly all comparable characters the Tumulus population deviates in the same direction from the pre-Spanish average population as does today's west coast population from the average of Gran Canaria's (fig. 10). It is worth noting that both populations show certain negroid tendencies: with the living population these are pigmentation, lip-thickness and broad nasal structure; with the Tumulus population broad noses and relatively strong prognathy. If one supposes, on the ground of these finds, that the Tumulus population remained on the West coast in greater concentration than in the other regions of Gran Canaria, one can also conclude the appearance of the Tumulus people from today's population.

Casual events in the small groups, which found their way over the ocean to the islands. If according to the tradition of the Guanche there were only sixty people who first settled on the north coast of Teneriffa (Espinosa 1/4), this number need not at all be distant from historical reality. It is therefore quite feasible that certain tribal, or even family or individual characteristics of these first settlers became manifest in the entire island population by natural population growth; and in end effect it is not surprising that anthropological relationships to the North African area of origin are to be recognized only in the main features.

2. Relations between Northwest Africa and the Canary Islands II. 'Oldnumidic' inscriptions from La Caleta/Hierro (above) and Tifinagh inscriptions from the Western Sahara (below): (from D. J. Wolfel 1940 and Th. Monod 1938). 17 Fig. 3. Canarian mummy, from Roque Bianco, Tenerife (from I. Schwidetzky 1963). 18 construction concepts (Wolfel 1955). The ancient Canary 'inscriptions' and cliff drawings should be mentioned here, too. They rely on geometric patterns (Belmaco/La Palma), but show as well strongly stylized figures (Barranco de Balos/Gran Canaria) or signs resembling writing (La Caleta/Hierro) (Cuscoy 1954; fig.

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Biogeography and Ecology in the Canary Islands by Günther Kunkel (auth.), G. Kunkel (eds.)

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