By P. Parvatha Reddy
Through ‘Green Revolution’ in past due Nineteen Sixties, India completed self-sufficiency in nutrition creation, yet nonetheless the rustic has no longer accomplished self-sufficiency in creation of horticultural vegetation. lots of the development in nutrients construction through the eco-friendly revolution interval is attributed to using larger degrees of fertilizers and insecticides that are carrying on with to damage sturdy conventional ecosystems. The problem ahead of the crop safeguard scientist is to extend yields from the present land with no harming the surroundings and source base. this is accomplished through adopting green Biointensive built-in Pest administration (BIPM) strategy.
BIPM accommodates ecological and fiscal components into agricultural process layout and selection making, and addresses public matters approximately environmental caliber and foodstuff protection. some great benefits of imposing BIPM can contain lowered chemical enter expenditures, diminished on-farm and off-farm environmental affects, and more advantageous and sustainable pest administration. An ecology-based IPM has the opportunity of reducing inputs of gasoline, equipment, and artificial chemicals-all of that are power in depth and more and more high priced when it comes to monetary and environmental effect. Such discounts will profit the grower and society.
The current publication bargains with the newest biointensive built-in methods for pest administration using parts akin to bioagents [predators, parasitoids and pathogens (bacteria, fungi, viruses)], botanicals (biofumigation, oil tarts, FYM, compost, crop residues, eco-friendly manuring and different natural amendments), arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, actual equipment (hot water therapy of planting fabric, soil solarization), cultural equipment (crop rotation, summer season ploughing, fallowing, intercropping, pruning, mulching, spacing, planting date, capture cropping, etc.), biorational chemical compounds (pheromones) and resistant cultivars. This ebook can function an invaluable connection with coverage makers, examine and extension staff, training farmers and scholars. the fabric can be used for educating post-graduate courses.
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Additional info for Biointensive Integrated Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems
In addition, the highly reflective white coating makes the plant less recognizable as a host. (c) Sugar Esters Sugar esters have performed as well as or better than conventional insecticides against mites and aphids in apple orchards; psylla in pear orchards; and whiteflies, thrips, and mites on vegetables. However, sugar esters are not effective against insect eggs. Insecticidal properties of sugar esters were first investigated a decade ago when a scientist noticed that tobacco leaf hairs exuded sugar esters for defence against some soft-bodied insect pests.
Ii) Integrated Management (a) Bioagents, Botanicals and Chemicals: Soil application of neem cake + T. viride + carbendazim was found effective in reducing the burrowing nematode ( R. similis) and wilt ( F. oxysporum f sp. 887 MT/ha in control). 72 (Ravi et al. 2001). 2 Citrus, Citrus spp. 1 Leaf Miner, Phyllocnists citrella (i) Damage: It is a serious pest of nursery and young plants but even attacks the grown up cit- rus trees all over India. 7). The affected leaves become distorted and crumpled.
With the increase in nematode population, feeding roots are invaded and destroyed as fast as they are formed. The resulting setback in the uptake of plant nutrients leads to debility of the plant and production of smaller fruits. 3). (iii) Integrated Management (a) Botanicals and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF): Integration of neem cake at 200 g/plant with Glomus mosseae at 100 g/ plant (containing 25–30 chlamydospores/g of inoculum) was most effective in reducing the R. 1 Banana, Musa spp.
Biointensive Integrated Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems by P. Parvatha Reddy