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Arnold J. Heidenheimer, Frank C. Langdon's Business Associations and the Financing of Political PDF

By Arnold J. Heidenheimer, Frank C. Langdon

ISBN-10: 9401182272

ISBN-13: 9789401182270

ISBN-10: 9401188947

ISBN-13: 9789401188944

Students of presidency and social strength realize that at any place governmental platforms include well known elections, the features and mechanisms of political finance represent inevitable hyperlinks of impact among fiscal constructions and political approaches. The transmu­ tation of financial strength into political energy has been of old crisis from historical philosophers to fashionable political scientists. Efforts to determine and interpret the political roles of these engaged in investment applicants and political events have intensified in recent times. realization given the topic has deepened considerably within the usa due to the fact that global conflict II and, whereas there were range­ ences in variety and caliber, critical analytical pursuits have additionally built in different different countries worldwide. those developments were followed via more and more lively and sophisti­ cated makes an attempt at comparative research. difficulties in transnational reviews of political tactics have continually been bold. The comparative research of political finance has been retarded via problems in defining devices of study that give the chance to spot in a few measurable approach the results of political fmance in special stages of the governing technique, e. g. , within the consistent with­ suasion of citizens, in get together nominating tactics, in govt choice­ making. money transactions, even if identified with self assurance, consti­ tute just a partial element of political finance. different colours of financial energy will be both appropriate, related to providers or items without delay supplied, credit and different fiscal advantages prolonged or withheld, and the workout of much less tangible yet both powerful influence.

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Extra info for Business Associations and the Financing of Political Parties: A Comparative Study of the Evolution of Practices in Germany, Norway and Japan

Sample text

3 Schulz, op. , p. 140. 4 Lamprecht, Deutsche Geschichte, supplementary volume II, part 2, p. 188. 5 E. von Liebert, "Der Reichsverband gegen die Sozialdemokratie," Deutsche Monatsschrift fur das gesamte Leben del' Gegenwart, IX, (lg05-

The nature of the conflict experience in post-takeoff Germany can thus be seen to have developed in a framework which was triangular at first, and then grew more many-sided as interests differentiated. The "third" side was so prominent from the start because Bismarck's determination to head off dangerous mass organizations led him to cause the state to establish a strong interposition between competing interests. At first emphasis was placed on the "carrots" of welfare programs, but the authorities soon came to reverse their hypotheses that economic improvement would moderate the political attitude of the workers, and they then resorted more to the "stick" of police suppression.

The period of repression had an inevitable effect on shaping both the character and outlook of the party. " 3 1 The Hauptstelle deutscher Arbeitgeberverbiinde was sponsored by the Zentralverband, while the Verein Deutscher Arbeitgeberverbiinde was backed by the Bund der Industriellen. The two organizations fused in 1913. 2 Views of the Munich Police Chief, von Feilitzsch, cited in Guenther Roth, The Social Democrats in Imperial Germany (Totowa: Bedminster Press, 1963), p. II2. , p. 183. r8 GERMANY While the party adopted a more radical program, the unions in the r890's sought to widen their membership to include masses of the unpoliticized, which led both to tensions in union-party relationships and to the founding of rival labor peak associations based on Christian and Liberal principles.

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Business Associations and the Financing of Political Parties: A Comparative Study of the Evolution of Practices in Germany, Norway and Japan by Arnold J. Heidenheimer, Frank C. Langdon

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