By Prof. Dr. M. S. Mani M. A., D. Sc. (auth.)
In my booklet creation to excessive Altitude Entomology, released in 1962, I summa rized the result of 8 years' reviews, customarily at the Himalaya. i've got in view that then had the potential for learning the collections of excessive altitude bugs from the Alps, Carpathians, Caucasus, Urals, Alai-Pamirs, Tien Shan, Altai and different im portant mountains of the realm in numerous museums and associations in Europe. in the course of the courtesy and generosity of the Academy of Sciences of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, i used to be additionally in a position to for my part gather bugs and make helpful box observations at the Caucasus, the Alai-Pamirs, Ala-Tau and the Tien Shan mountains. via comparative experiences i've got attempted to synthesize the basic ideas of excessive altitude entomology. i've got defined the following the targeted characters of the excessive altitude surroundings, the ecological specializations of the excessive altitude bugs, their ecological inter kinfolk and the phenomenal peculiarities in their biogeography. i've got additionally pre sented right here an summary of the excessive altitude entomology of the vital mountains of the area, with short money owed in their orogeny, geology and crops. This booklet differs from all different contributions within the box in its comparative ecological process and within the indisputable fact that the most emphasis is all through at the evolution of the excessive altitude environment as a vital part of the orogeny. excessive mountains are, in all components of the area, vital and self sufficient centres of foundation and range entiation of unique and hugely really expert ecosystems and faunas.