By Matthew Hall
This cutting edge edited assortment brings jointly major foreign teachers to discover using numerous non-prescription and prescription components for the aim of perceived physique picture enhancement. whereas experiences on drug misuse thus far have tested drug use within the context of wearing functionality, habit, and physique picture for specific teams resembling bodybuilders, there was little learn that explores the broader use (and misuse) of felony and unlawful medications for physique snapshot improvement and weight reduction.
With scientific sociology and social psychology at its center, this significant quantity exhibits the advanced purposes in the back of the misuse of assorted drugs, how those are attached to modern physique picture and visual appeal issues, and why the recognized healthiness dangers and doubtless destructive negative effects don't act as deterrents.
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Extra info for Chemically Modified Bodies: The Use of Diverse Substances for Appearance Enhancement
Prospective associations of concerns about physique and the development of obesity, binge drinking, and drug use among adolescent boys and young men. JAMA Pediatrics, 168(1), 34–39. , & Richards, H. (2002). Body image: Focus groups with boys and men. Men and Masculinities, 4(3), 219–232. A. (2010). Anabolic-androgenic steroid use among young male and female athletes: Is the game to blame? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(1), 26–31. J. (2007). Gaming magazines and the drive for muscularity in preadolescent boys: A longitudinal examination.
9 % of adolescent boys (Thorlton et al. 2012). Stimulants such as caffeine and energy drinks have also been reported to be used by adolescents for weight loss (Jeffers et al. 2014). Caffeine can act as an appetite suppressant and it is also known for its diuretic purposes (Jeffers et al. 2014). Energy drinks include both caffeine and another stimulant, bitter orange, which is also used as weight management product, and both substances are frequently marketed as stimulating weight loss (Jeffers et al.
In addition, initiation of steroid use for enhanced appearance or body image, and increase in size and/or strength is reported to be the main underlying motivation (Sagoe et al. 2014). For example, in one early study, boys who reported frequently thinking about wanting more defined muscles and those wanting to gain weight were more likely to use products to improve appearance, muscle mass, or strength (Field et al. 2005). These products included protein powders or shakes, creatine, amino acids, growth hormones, or steroids.
Chemically Modified Bodies: The Use of Diverse Substances for Appearance Enhancement by Matthew Hall